Laparoscopy is direct visualization of the abdominal cavity, ovaries, outside of the tubes and uterus by using a laparoscope. The laparoscope is a long thin instrument with a light source at its tip, to light up the inside of the abdomen or pelvis. Fiberoptic fibers carry images from a lens, at the tip of the laparoscope, to a video monitor, which the surgeon and other theatre staff can view in real time.
Many gynecological procedures can be performed using this technique, including tubal sterilization, ovarian cyst removal, treatment for endometriosis, and hysterectomy. In addition, laparoscopy can be used to diagnose conditions such as endometriosis, adhesions (scar tissue) and fibroids. It is often performed to seek a cause for pelvic pain.
Risks associated with Laparoscopy
In general laparoscopy is a safe procedure and complications are rare. Despite this, accidental injury to bowel, blood vessels and the bladder do occur. In the event of such injury further surgery would be needed and a bigger incision might be required. A longer stay in hospital would therefore be necessary.
Infections are uncommon but may present as a urinary tract infection (UTI). A urine sample will be obtained, tested and sent for examination if necessary. Localised infection to the small wound sites may also occur and require antibiotic treatment.
It is essential to have someone accompany you on discharge from the hospital. Driving home alone is not advisable. If you have any concerns following discharge, please do not hesitate to call Dr. Kamal or his secretary.